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SelfAdjointView.h

// This file is part of Eigen, a lightweight C++ template library
// for linear algebra.
//
// Copyright (C) 2009 Gael Guennebaud <gael.guennebaud@inria.fr>
//
// Eigen is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
// modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
// License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
// version 3 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
//
// Alternatively, you can redistribute it and/or
// modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as
// published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of
// the License, or (at your option) any later version.
//
// Eigen is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY
// WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS
// FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU Lesser General Public License or the
// GNU General Public License for more details.
//
// You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
// License and a copy of the GNU General Public License along with
// Eigen. If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.

#ifndef EIGEN_SELFADJOINTMATRIX_H
#define EIGEN_SELFADJOINTMATRIX_H

/** \class SelfAdjointView
  * \ingroup Core_Module
  *
  *
  * \brief Expression of a selfadjoint matrix from a triangular part of a dense matrix
  *
  * \param MatrixType the type of the dense matrix storing the coefficients
  * \param TriangularPart can be either \c Lower or \c Upper
  *
  * This class is an expression of a sefladjoint matrix from a triangular part of a matrix
  * with given dense storage of the coefficients. It is the return type of MatrixBase::selfadjointView()
  * and most of the time this is the only way that it is used.
  *
  * \sa class TriangularBase, MatrixBase::selfAdjointView()
  */

namespace internal {
template<typename MatrixType, unsigned int UpLo>
00046 struct traits<SelfAdjointView<MatrixType, UpLo> > : traits<MatrixType>
{
  typedef typename nested<MatrixType>::type MatrixTypeNested;
  typedef typename remove_all<MatrixTypeNested>::type MatrixTypeNestedCleaned;
  typedef MatrixType ExpressionType;
  typedef typename MatrixType::PlainObject DenseMatrixType;
  enum {
    Mode = UpLo | SelfAdjoint,
    Flags =  MatrixTypeNestedCleaned::Flags & (HereditaryBits)
           & (~(PacketAccessBit | DirectAccessBit | LinearAccessBit)), // FIXME these flags should be preserved
    CoeffReadCost = MatrixTypeNestedCleaned::CoeffReadCost
  };
};
}

template <typename Lhs, int LhsMode, bool LhsIsVector,
          typename Rhs, int RhsMode, bool RhsIsVector>
struct SelfadjointProductMatrix;

// FIXME could also be called SelfAdjointWrapper to be consistent with DiagonalWrapper ??
00066 template<typename MatrixType, unsigned int UpLo> class SelfAdjointView
  : public TriangularBase<SelfAdjointView<MatrixType, UpLo> >
{
  public:

    typedef TriangularBase<SelfAdjointView> Base;
    typedef typename internal::traits<SelfAdjointView>::MatrixTypeNested MatrixTypeNested;
    typedef typename internal::traits<SelfAdjointView>::MatrixTypeNestedCleaned MatrixTypeNestedCleaned;

    /** \brief The type of coefficients in this matrix */
00076     typedef typename internal::traits<SelfAdjointView>::Scalar Scalar; 

    typedef typename MatrixType::Index Index;

    enum {
      Mode = internal::traits<SelfAdjointView>::Mode
    };
    typedef typename MatrixType::PlainObject PlainObject;

    inline SelfAdjointView(const MatrixType& matrix) : m_matrix(matrix)
    {}

00088     inline Index rows() const { return m_matrix.rows(); }
00089     inline Index cols() const { return m_matrix.cols(); }
    inline Index outerStride() const { return m_matrix.outerStride(); }
    inline Index innerStride() const { return m_matrix.innerStride(); }

    /** \sa MatrixBase::coeff()
      * \warning the coordinates must fit into the referenced triangular part
      */
00096     inline Scalar coeff(Index row, Index col) const
    {
      Base::check_coordinates_internal(row, col);
      return m_matrix.coeff(row, col);
    }

    /** \sa MatrixBase::coeffRef()
      * \warning the coordinates must fit into the referenced triangular part
      */
00105     inline Scalar& coeffRef(Index row, Index col)
    {
      Base::check_coordinates_internal(row, col);
      return m_matrix.const_cast_derived().coeffRef(row, col);
    }

    /** \internal */
    const MatrixTypeNestedCleaned& _expression() const { return m_matrix; }

    const MatrixTypeNestedCleaned& nestedExpression() const { return m_matrix; }
    MatrixTypeNestedCleaned& nestedExpression() { return *const_cast<MatrixTypeNestedCleaned*>(&m_matrix); }

    /** Efficient self-adjoint matrix times vector/matrix product */
    template<typename OtherDerived>
    SelfadjointProductMatrix<MatrixType,Mode,false,OtherDerived,0,OtherDerived::IsVectorAtCompileTime>
00120     operator*(const MatrixBase<OtherDerived>& rhs) const
    {
      return SelfadjointProductMatrix
              <MatrixType,Mode,false,OtherDerived,0,OtherDerived::IsVectorAtCompileTime>
              (m_matrix, rhs.derived());
    }

    /** Efficient vector/matrix times self-adjoint matrix product */
    template<typename OtherDerived> friend
    SelfadjointProductMatrix<OtherDerived,0,OtherDerived::IsVectorAtCompileTime,MatrixType,Mode,false>
00130     operator*(const MatrixBase<OtherDerived>& lhs, const SelfAdjointView& rhs)
    {
      return SelfadjointProductMatrix
              <OtherDerived,0,OtherDerived::IsVectorAtCompileTime,MatrixType,Mode,false>
              (lhs.derived(),rhs.m_matrix);
    }

    /** Perform a symmetric rank 2 update of the selfadjoint matrix \c *this:
      * \f$ this = this + \alpha u v^* + conj(\alpha) v u^* \f$
      * \returns a reference to \c *this
      *
      * The vectors \a u and \c v \b must be column vectors, however they can be
      * a adjoint expression without any overhead. Only the meaningful triangular
      * part of the matrix is updated, the rest is left unchanged.
      *
      * \sa rankUpdate(const MatrixBase<DerivedU>&, Scalar)
      */
    template<typename DerivedU, typename DerivedV>
    SelfAdjointView& rankUpdate(const MatrixBase<DerivedU>& u, const MatrixBase<DerivedV>& v, Scalar alpha = Scalar(1));

    /** Perform a symmetric rank K update of the selfadjoint matrix \c *this:
      * \f$ this = this + \alpha ( u u^* ) \f$ where \a u is a vector or matrix.
      *
      * \returns a reference to \c *this
      *
      * Note that to perform \f$ this = this + \alpha ( u^* u ) \f$ you can simply
      * call this function with u.adjoint().
      *
      * \sa rankUpdate(const MatrixBase<DerivedU>&, const MatrixBase<DerivedV>&, Scalar)
      */
    template<typename DerivedU>
    SelfAdjointView& rankUpdate(const MatrixBase<DerivedU>& u, Scalar alpha = Scalar(1));

/////////// Cholesky module ///////////

    const LLT<PlainObject, UpLo> llt() const;
    const LDLT<PlainObject, UpLo> ldlt() const;

/////////// Eigenvalue module ///////////

    /** Real part of #Scalar */
00171     typedef typename NumTraits<Scalar>::Real RealScalar;
    /** Return type of eigenvalues() */
00173     typedef Matrix<RealScalar, internal::traits<MatrixType>::ColsAtCompileTime, 1> EigenvaluesReturnType;

    EigenvaluesReturnType eigenvalues() const;
    RealScalar operatorNorm() const;
    
    #ifdef EIGEN2_SUPPORT
    template<typename OtherDerived>
    SelfAdjointView& operator=(const MatrixBase<OtherDerived>& other)
    {
      enum {
        OtherPart = UpLo == Upper ? StrictlyLower : StrictlyUpper
      };
      m_matrix.const_cast_derived().template triangularView<UpLo>() = other;
      m_matrix.const_cast_derived().template triangularView<OtherPart>() = other.adjoint();
      return *this;
    }
    template<typename OtherMatrixType, unsigned int OtherMode>
    SelfAdjointView& operator=(const TriangularView<OtherMatrixType, OtherMode>& other)
    {
      enum {
        OtherPart = UpLo == Upper ? StrictlyLower : StrictlyUpper
      };
      m_matrix.const_cast_derived().template triangularView<UpLo>() = other.toDenseMatrix();
      m_matrix.const_cast_derived().template triangularView<OtherPart>() = other.toDenseMatrix().adjoint();
      return *this;
    }
    #endif

  protected:
    const MatrixTypeNested m_matrix;
};


// template<typename OtherDerived, typename MatrixType, unsigned int UpLo>
// internal::selfadjoint_matrix_product_returntype<OtherDerived,SelfAdjointView<MatrixType,UpLo> >
// operator*(const MatrixBase<OtherDerived>& lhs, const SelfAdjointView<MatrixType,UpLo>& rhs)
// {
//   return internal::matrix_selfadjoint_product_returntype<OtherDerived,SelfAdjointView<MatrixType,UpLo> >(lhs.derived(),rhs);
// }

// selfadjoint to dense matrix

namespace internal {

template<typename Derived1, typename Derived2, int UnrollCount, bool ClearOpposite>
00218 struct triangular_assignment_selector<Derived1, Derived2, (SelfAdjoint|Upper), UnrollCount, ClearOpposite>
{
  enum {
    col = (UnrollCount-1) / Derived1::RowsAtCompileTime,
    row = (UnrollCount-1) % Derived1::RowsAtCompileTime
  };

  inline static void run(Derived1 &dst, const Derived2 &src)
  {
    triangular_assignment_selector<Derived1, Derived2, (SelfAdjoint|Upper), UnrollCount-1, ClearOpposite>::run(dst, src);

    if(row == col)
      dst.coeffRef(row, col) = real(src.coeff(row, col));
    else if(row < col)
      dst.coeffRef(col, row) = conj(dst.coeffRef(row, col) = src.coeff(row, col));
  }
};

template<typename Derived1, typename Derived2, bool ClearOpposite>
00237 struct triangular_assignment_selector<Derived1, Derived2, SelfAdjoint|Upper, 0, ClearOpposite>
{
  inline static void run(Derived1 &, const Derived2 &) {}
};

template<typename Derived1, typename Derived2, int UnrollCount, bool ClearOpposite>
00243 struct triangular_assignment_selector<Derived1, Derived2, (SelfAdjoint|Lower), UnrollCount, ClearOpposite>
{
  enum {
    col = (UnrollCount-1) / Derived1::RowsAtCompileTime,
    row = (UnrollCount-1) % Derived1::RowsAtCompileTime
  };

  inline static void run(Derived1 &dst, const Derived2 &src)
  {
    triangular_assignment_selector<Derived1, Derived2, (SelfAdjoint|Lower), UnrollCount-1, ClearOpposite>::run(dst, src);

    if(row == col)
      dst.coeffRef(row, col) = real(src.coeff(row, col));
    else if(row > col)
      dst.coeffRef(col, row) = conj(dst.coeffRef(row, col) = src.coeff(row, col));
  }
};

template<typename Derived1, typename Derived2, bool ClearOpposite>
00262 struct triangular_assignment_selector<Derived1, Derived2, SelfAdjoint|Lower, 0, ClearOpposite>
{
  inline static void run(Derived1 &, const Derived2 &) {}
};

template<typename Derived1, typename Derived2, bool ClearOpposite>
00268 struct triangular_assignment_selector<Derived1, Derived2, SelfAdjoint|Upper, Dynamic, ClearOpposite>
{
  typedef typename Derived1::Index Index;
  inline static void run(Derived1 &dst, const Derived2 &src)
  {
    for(Index j = 0; j < dst.cols(); ++j)
    {
      for(Index i = 0; i < j; ++i)
      {
        dst.copyCoeff(i, j, src);
        dst.coeffRef(j,i) = conj(dst.coeff(i,j));
      }
      dst.copyCoeff(j, j, src);
    }
  }
};

template<typename Derived1, typename Derived2, bool ClearOpposite>
00286 struct triangular_assignment_selector<Derived1, Derived2, SelfAdjoint|Lower, Dynamic, ClearOpposite>
{
  inline static void run(Derived1 &dst, const Derived2 &src)
  {
  typedef typename Derived1::Index Index;
    for(Index i = 0; i < dst.rows(); ++i)
    {
      for(Index j = 0; j < i; ++j)
      {
        dst.copyCoeff(i, j, src);
        dst.coeffRef(j,i) = conj(dst.coeff(i,j));
      }
      dst.copyCoeff(i, i, src);
    }
  }
};

} // end namespace internal

/***************************************************************************
* Implementation of MatrixBase methods
***************************************************************************/

template<typename Derived>
template<unsigned int UpLo>
typename MatrixBase<Derived>::template ConstSelfAdjointViewReturnType<UpLo>::Type
MatrixBase<Derived>::selfadjointView() const
{
  return derived();
}

template<typename Derived>
template<unsigned int UpLo>
typename MatrixBase<Derived>::template SelfAdjointViewReturnType<UpLo>::Type
MatrixBase<Derived>::selfadjointView()
{
  return derived();
}

#endif // EIGEN_SELFADJOINTMATRIX_H

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