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Functors.h

// This file is part of Eigen, a lightweight C++ template library
// for linear algebra.
//
// Copyright (C) 2008-2010 Gael Guennebaud <gael.guennebaud@inria.fr>
//
// Eigen is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
// modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
// License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
// version 3 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
//
// Alternatively, you can redistribute it and/or
// modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as
// published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of
// the License, or (at your option) any later version.
//
// Eigen is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY
// WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS
// FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU Lesser General Public License or the
// GNU General Public License for more details.
//
// You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
// License and a copy of the GNU General Public License along with
// Eigen. If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.

#ifndef EIGEN_FUNCTORS_H
#define EIGEN_FUNCTORS_H

namespace internal {

// associative functors:

/** \internal
  * \brief Template functor to compute the sum of two scalars
  *
  * \sa class CwiseBinaryOp, MatrixBase::operator+, class VectorwiseOp, MatrixBase::sum()
  */
00037 template<typename Scalar> struct scalar_sum_op {
  EIGEN_EMPTY_STRUCT_CTOR(scalar_sum_op)
  EIGEN_STRONG_INLINE const Scalar operator() (const Scalar& a, const Scalar& b) const { return a + b; }
  template<typename Packet>
  EIGEN_STRONG_INLINE const Packet packetOp(const Packet& a, const Packet& b) const
  { return internal::padd(a,b); }
  template<typename Packet>
  EIGEN_STRONG_INLINE const Scalar predux(const Packet& a) const
  { return internal::predux(a); }
};
template<typename Scalar>
00048 struct functor_traits<scalar_sum_op<Scalar> > {
  enum {
    Cost = NumTraits<Scalar>::AddCost,
    PacketAccess = packet_traits<Scalar>::HasAdd
  };
};

/** \internal
  * \brief Template functor to compute the product of two scalars
  *
  * \sa class CwiseBinaryOp, Cwise::operator*(), class VectorwiseOp, MatrixBase::redux()
  */
00060 template<typename LhsScalar,typename RhsScalar> struct scalar_product_op {
  enum {
    // TODO vectorize mixed product
    Vectorizable = is_same<LhsScalar,RhsScalar>::value && packet_traits<LhsScalar>::HasMul && packet_traits<RhsScalar>::HasMul
  };
  typedef typename scalar_product_traits<LhsScalar,RhsScalar>::ReturnType result_type;
  EIGEN_EMPTY_STRUCT_CTOR(scalar_product_op)
  EIGEN_STRONG_INLINE const result_type operator() (const LhsScalar& a, const RhsScalar& b) const { return a * b; }
  template<typename Packet>
  EIGEN_STRONG_INLINE const Packet packetOp(const Packet& a, const Packet& b) const
  { return internal::pmul(a,b); }
  template<typename Packet>
  EIGEN_STRONG_INLINE const result_type predux(const Packet& a) const
  { return internal::predux_mul(a); }
};
template<typename LhsScalar,typename RhsScalar>
00076 struct functor_traits<scalar_product_op<LhsScalar,RhsScalar> > {
  enum {
    Cost = (NumTraits<LhsScalar>::MulCost + NumTraits<RhsScalar>::MulCost)/2, // rough estimate!
    PacketAccess = scalar_product_op<LhsScalar,RhsScalar>::Vectorizable
  };
};

/** \internal
  * \brief Template functor to compute the conjugate product of two scalars
  *
  * This is a short cut for conj(x) * y which is needed for optimization purpose; in Eigen2 support mode, this becomes x * conj(y)
  */
00088 template<typename LhsScalar,typename RhsScalar> struct scalar_conj_product_op {

  enum {
    Conj = NumTraits<LhsScalar>::IsComplex
  };
  
  typedef typename scalar_product_traits<LhsScalar,RhsScalar>::ReturnType result_type;
  
  EIGEN_EMPTY_STRUCT_CTOR(scalar_conj_product_op)
  EIGEN_STRONG_INLINE const result_type operator() (const LhsScalar& a, const RhsScalar& b) const
  { return conj_helper<LhsScalar,RhsScalar,Conj,false>().pmul(a,b); }
  
  template<typename Packet>
  EIGEN_STRONG_INLINE const Packet packetOp(const Packet& a, const Packet& b) const
  { return conj_helper<Packet,Packet,Conj,false>().pmul(a,b); }
};
template<typename LhsScalar,typename RhsScalar>
00105 struct functor_traits<scalar_conj_product_op<LhsScalar,RhsScalar> > {
  enum {
    Cost = NumTraits<LhsScalar>::MulCost,
    PacketAccess = internal::is_same<LhsScalar, RhsScalar>::value && packet_traits<LhsScalar>::HasMul
  };
};

/** \internal
  * \brief Template functor to compute the min of two scalars
  *
  * \sa class CwiseBinaryOp, MatrixBase::cwiseMin, class VectorwiseOp, MatrixBase::minCoeff()
  */
00117 template<typename Scalar> struct scalar_min_op {
  EIGEN_EMPTY_STRUCT_CTOR(scalar_min_op)
  EIGEN_STRONG_INLINE const Scalar operator() (const Scalar& a, const Scalar& b) const { return std::min(a, b); }
  template<typename Packet>
  EIGEN_STRONG_INLINE const Packet packetOp(const Packet& a, const Packet& b) const
  { return internal::pmin(a,b); }
  template<typename Packet>
  EIGEN_STRONG_INLINE const Scalar predux(const Packet& a) const
  { return internal::predux_min(a); }
};
template<typename Scalar>
00128 struct functor_traits<scalar_min_op<Scalar> > {
  enum {
    Cost = NumTraits<Scalar>::AddCost,
    PacketAccess = packet_traits<Scalar>::HasMin
  };
};

/** \internal
  * \brief Template functor to compute the max of two scalars
  *
  * \sa class CwiseBinaryOp, MatrixBase::cwiseMax, class VectorwiseOp, MatrixBase::maxCoeff()
  */
00140 template<typename Scalar> struct scalar_max_op {
  EIGEN_EMPTY_STRUCT_CTOR(scalar_max_op)
  EIGEN_STRONG_INLINE const Scalar operator() (const Scalar& a, const Scalar& b) const { return std::max(a, b); }
  template<typename Packet>
  EIGEN_STRONG_INLINE const Packet packetOp(const Packet& a, const Packet& b) const
  { return internal::pmax(a,b); }
  template<typename Packet>
  EIGEN_STRONG_INLINE const Scalar predux(const Packet& a) const
  { return internal::predux_max(a); }
};
template<typename Scalar>
00151 struct functor_traits<scalar_max_op<Scalar> > {
  enum {
    Cost = NumTraits<Scalar>::AddCost,
    PacketAccess = packet_traits<Scalar>::HasMax
  };
};

/** \internal
  * \brief Template functor to compute the hypot of two scalars
  *
  * \sa MatrixBase::stableNorm(), class Redux
  */
00163 template<typename Scalar> struct scalar_hypot_op {
  EIGEN_EMPTY_STRUCT_CTOR(scalar_hypot_op)
//   typedef typename NumTraits<Scalar>::Real result_type;
  EIGEN_STRONG_INLINE const Scalar operator() (const Scalar& _x, const Scalar& _y) const
  {
    Scalar p = std::max(_x, _y);
    Scalar q = std::min(_x, _y);
    Scalar qp = q/p;
    return p * sqrt(Scalar(1) + qp*qp);
  }
};
template<typename Scalar>
00175 struct functor_traits<scalar_hypot_op<Scalar> > {
  enum { Cost = 5 * NumTraits<Scalar>::MulCost, PacketAccess=0 };
};

// other binary functors:

/** \internal
  * \brief Template functor to compute the difference of two scalars
  *
  * \sa class CwiseBinaryOp, MatrixBase::operator-
  */
00186 template<typename Scalar> struct scalar_difference_op {
  EIGEN_EMPTY_STRUCT_CTOR(scalar_difference_op)
  EIGEN_STRONG_INLINE const Scalar operator() (const Scalar& a, const Scalar& b) const { return a - b; }
  template<typename Packet>
  EIGEN_STRONG_INLINE const Packet packetOp(const Packet& a, const Packet& b) const
  { return internal::psub(a,b); }
};
template<typename Scalar>
00194 struct functor_traits<scalar_difference_op<Scalar> > {
  enum {
    Cost = NumTraits<Scalar>::AddCost,
    PacketAccess = packet_traits<Scalar>::HasSub
  };
};

/** \internal
  * \brief Template functor to compute the quotient of two scalars
  *
  * \sa class CwiseBinaryOp, Cwise::operator/()
  */
00206 template<typename Scalar> struct scalar_quotient_op {
  EIGEN_EMPTY_STRUCT_CTOR(scalar_quotient_op)
  EIGEN_STRONG_INLINE const Scalar operator() (const Scalar& a, const Scalar& b) const { return a / b; }
  template<typename Packet>
  EIGEN_STRONG_INLINE const Packet packetOp(const Packet& a, const Packet& b) const
  { return internal::pdiv(a,b); }
};
template<typename Scalar>
00214 struct functor_traits<scalar_quotient_op<Scalar> > {
  enum {
    Cost = 2 * NumTraits<Scalar>::MulCost,
    PacketAccess = packet_traits<Scalar>::HasDiv
  };
};

// unary functors:

/** \internal
  * \brief Template functor to compute the opposite of a scalar
  *
  * \sa class CwiseUnaryOp, MatrixBase::operator-
  */
00228 template<typename Scalar> struct scalar_opposite_op {
  EIGEN_EMPTY_STRUCT_CTOR(scalar_opposite_op)
  EIGEN_STRONG_INLINE const Scalar operator() (const Scalar& a) const { return -a; }
  template<typename Packet>
  EIGEN_STRONG_INLINE const Packet packetOp(const Packet& a) const
  { return internal::pnegate(a); }
};
template<typename Scalar>
00236 struct functor_traits<scalar_opposite_op<Scalar> >
{ enum {
    Cost = NumTraits<Scalar>::AddCost,
    PacketAccess = packet_traits<Scalar>::HasNegate };
};

/** \internal
  * \brief Template functor to compute the absolute value of a scalar
  *
  * \sa class CwiseUnaryOp, Cwise::abs
  */
00247 template<typename Scalar> struct scalar_abs_op {
  EIGEN_EMPTY_STRUCT_CTOR(scalar_abs_op)
  typedef typename NumTraits<Scalar>::Real result_type;
  EIGEN_STRONG_INLINE const result_type operator() (const Scalar& a) const { return abs(a); }
  template<typename Packet>
  EIGEN_STRONG_INLINE const Packet packetOp(const Packet& a) const
  { return internal::pabs(a); }
};
template<typename Scalar>
00256 struct functor_traits<scalar_abs_op<Scalar> >
{
  enum {
    Cost = NumTraits<Scalar>::AddCost,
    PacketAccess = packet_traits<Scalar>::HasAbs
  };
};

/** \internal
  * \brief Template functor to compute the squared absolute value of a scalar
  *
  * \sa class CwiseUnaryOp, Cwise::abs2
  */
00269 template<typename Scalar> struct scalar_abs2_op {
  EIGEN_EMPTY_STRUCT_CTOR(scalar_abs2_op)
  typedef typename NumTraits<Scalar>::Real result_type;
  EIGEN_STRONG_INLINE const result_type operator() (const Scalar& a) const { return abs2(a); }
  template<typename Packet>
  EIGEN_STRONG_INLINE const Packet packetOp(const Packet& a) const
  { return internal::pmul(a,a); }
};
template<typename Scalar>
00278 struct functor_traits<scalar_abs2_op<Scalar> >
{ enum { Cost = NumTraits<Scalar>::MulCost, PacketAccess = packet_traits<Scalar>::HasAbs2 }; };

/** \internal
  * \brief Template functor to compute the conjugate of a complex value
  *
  * \sa class CwiseUnaryOp, MatrixBase::conjugate()
  */
00286 template<typename Scalar> struct scalar_conjugate_op {
  EIGEN_EMPTY_STRUCT_CTOR(scalar_conjugate_op)
  EIGEN_STRONG_INLINE const Scalar operator() (const Scalar& a) const { return conj(a); }
  template<typename Packet>
  EIGEN_STRONG_INLINE const Packet packetOp(const Packet& a) const { return internal::pconj(a); }
};
template<typename Scalar>
00293 struct functor_traits<scalar_conjugate_op<Scalar> >
{
  enum {
    Cost = NumTraits<Scalar>::IsComplex ? NumTraits<Scalar>::AddCost : 0,
    PacketAccess = packet_traits<Scalar>::HasConj
  };
};

/** \internal
  * \brief Template functor to cast a scalar to another type
  *
  * \sa class CwiseUnaryOp, MatrixBase::cast()
  */
template<typename Scalar, typename NewType>
00307 struct scalar_cast_op {
  EIGEN_EMPTY_STRUCT_CTOR(scalar_cast_op)
  typedef NewType result_type;
  EIGEN_STRONG_INLINE const NewType operator() (const Scalar& a) const { return cast<Scalar, NewType>(a); }
};
template<typename Scalar, typename NewType>
00313 struct functor_traits<scalar_cast_op<Scalar,NewType> >
{ enum { Cost = is_same<Scalar, NewType>::value ? 0 : NumTraits<NewType>::AddCost, PacketAccess = false }; };

/** \internal
  * \brief Template functor to extract the real part of a complex
  *
  * \sa class CwiseUnaryOp, MatrixBase::real()
  */
template<typename Scalar>
00322 struct scalar_real_op {
  EIGEN_EMPTY_STRUCT_CTOR(scalar_real_op)
  typedef typename NumTraits<Scalar>::Real result_type;
  EIGEN_STRONG_INLINE result_type operator() (const Scalar& a) const { return real(a); }
};
template<typename Scalar>
00328 struct functor_traits<scalar_real_op<Scalar> >
{ enum { Cost = 0, PacketAccess = false }; };

/** \internal
  * \brief Template functor to extract the imaginary part of a complex
  *
  * \sa class CwiseUnaryOp, MatrixBase::imag()
  */
template<typename Scalar>
00337 struct scalar_imag_op {
  EIGEN_EMPTY_STRUCT_CTOR(scalar_imag_op)
  typedef typename NumTraits<Scalar>::Real result_type;
  EIGEN_STRONG_INLINE result_type operator() (const Scalar& a) const { return imag(a); }
};
template<typename Scalar>
00343 struct functor_traits<scalar_imag_op<Scalar> >
{ enum { Cost = 0, PacketAccess = false }; };

/** \internal
  * \brief Template functor to extract the real part of a complex as a reference
  *
  * \sa class CwiseUnaryOp, MatrixBase::real()
  */
template<typename Scalar>
00352 struct scalar_real_ref_op {
  EIGEN_EMPTY_STRUCT_CTOR(scalar_real_ref_op)
  typedef typename NumTraits<Scalar>::Real result_type;
  EIGEN_STRONG_INLINE result_type& operator() (const Scalar& a) const { return real_ref(*const_cast<Scalar*>(&a)); }
};
template<typename Scalar>
00358 struct functor_traits<scalar_real_ref_op<Scalar> >
{ enum { Cost = 0, PacketAccess = false }; };

/** \internal
  * \brief Template functor to extract the imaginary part of a complex as a reference
  *
  * \sa class CwiseUnaryOp, MatrixBase::imag()
  */
template<typename Scalar>
00367 struct scalar_imag_ref_op {
  EIGEN_EMPTY_STRUCT_CTOR(scalar_imag_ref_op)
  typedef typename NumTraits<Scalar>::Real result_type;
  EIGEN_STRONG_INLINE result_type& operator() (const Scalar& a) const { return imag_ref(*const_cast<Scalar*>(&a)); }
};
template<typename Scalar>
00373 struct functor_traits<scalar_imag_ref_op<Scalar> >
{ enum { Cost = 0, PacketAccess = false }; };

/** \internal
  *
  * \brief Template functor to compute the exponential of a scalar
  *
  * \sa class CwiseUnaryOp, Cwise::exp()
  */
00382 template<typename Scalar> struct scalar_exp_op {
  EIGEN_EMPTY_STRUCT_CTOR(scalar_exp_op)
  inline const Scalar operator() (const Scalar& a) const { return exp(a); }
  typedef typename packet_traits<Scalar>::type Packet;
  inline Packet packetOp(const Packet& a) const { return internal::pexp(a); }
};
template<typename Scalar>
00389 struct functor_traits<scalar_exp_op<Scalar> >
{ enum { Cost = 5 * NumTraits<Scalar>::MulCost, PacketAccess = packet_traits<Scalar>::HasExp }; };

/** \internal
  *
  * \brief Template functor to compute the logarithm of a scalar
  *
  * \sa class CwiseUnaryOp, Cwise::log()
  */
00398 template<typename Scalar> struct scalar_log_op {
  EIGEN_EMPTY_STRUCT_CTOR(scalar_log_op)
  inline const Scalar operator() (const Scalar& a) const { return log(a); }
  typedef typename packet_traits<Scalar>::type Packet;
  inline Packet packetOp(const Packet& a) const { return internal::plog(a); }
};
template<typename Scalar>
00405 struct functor_traits<scalar_log_op<Scalar> >
{ enum { Cost = 5 * NumTraits<Scalar>::MulCost, PacketAccess = packet_traits<Scalar>::HasLog }; };

/** \internal
  * \brief Template functor to multiply a scalar by a fixed other one
  *
  * \sa class CwiseUnaryOp, MatrixBase::operator*, MatrixBase::operator/
  */
/* NOTE why doing the pset1() in packetOp *is* an optimization ?
 * indeed it seems better to declare m_other as a Packet and do the pset1() once
 * in the constructor. However, in practice:
 *  - GCC does not like m_other as a Packet and generate a load every time it needs it
 *  - on the other hand GCC is able to moves the pset1() away the loop :)
 *  - simpler code ;)
 * (ICC and gcc 4.4 seems to perform well in both cases, the issue is visible with y = a*x + b*y)
 */
template<typename Scalar>
00422 struct scalar_multiple_op {
  typedef typename packet_traits<Scalar>::type Packet;
  // FIXME default copy constructors seems bugged with std::complex<>
  EIGEN_STRONG_INLINE scalar_multiple_op(const scalar_multiple_op& other) : m_other(other.m_other) { }
  EIGEN_STRONG_INLINE scalar_multiple_op(const Scalar& other) : m_other(other) { }
  EIGEN_STRONG_INLINE Scalar operator() (const Scalar& a) const { return a * m_other; }
  EIGEN_STRONG_INLINE const Packet packetOp(const Packet& a) const
  { return internal::pmul(a, pset1<Packet>(m_other)); }
  typename add_const_on_value_type<typename NumTraits<Scalar>::Nested>::type m_other;
};
template<typename Scalar>
00433 struct functor_traits<scalar_multiple_op<Scalar> >
{ enum { Cost = NumTraits<Scalar>::MulCost, PacketAccess = packet_traits<Scalar>::HasMul }; };

template<typename Scalar1, typename Scalar2>
00437 struct scalar_multiple2_op {
  typedef typename scalar_product_traits<Scalar1,Scalar2>::ReturnType result_type;
  EIGEN_STRONG_INLINE scalar_multiple2_op(const scalar_multiple2_op& other) : m_other(other.m_other) { }
  EIGEN_STRONG_INLINE scalar_multiple2_op(const Scalar2& other) : m_other(other) { }
  EIGEN_STRONG_INLINE result_type operator() (const Scalar1& a) const { return a * m_other; }
  typename add_const_on_value_type<typename NumTraits<Scalar2>::Nested>::type m_other;
};
template<typename Scalar1,typename Scalar2>
00445 struct functor_traits<scalar_multiple2_op<Scalar1,Scalar2> >
{ enum { Cost = NumTraits<Scalar1>::MulCost, PacketAccess = false }; };

template<typename Scalar, bool IsInteger>
00449 struct scalar_quotient1_impl {
  typedef typename packet_traits<Scalar>::type Packet;
  // FIXME default copy constructors seems bugged with std::complex<>
  EIGEN_STRONG_INLINE scalar_quotient1_impl(const scalar_quotient1_impl& other) : m_other(other.m_other) { }
  EIGEN_STRONG_INLINE scalar_quotient1_impl(const Scalar& other) : m_other(static_cast<Scalar>(1) / other) {}
  EIGEN_STRONG_INLINE Scalar operator() (const Scalar& a) const { return a * m_other; }
  EIGEN_STRONG_INLINE const Packet packetOp(const Packet& a) const
  { return internal::pmul(a, pset1<Packet>(m_other)); }
  const Scalar m_other;
};
template<typename Scalar>
00460 struct functor_traits<scalar_quotient1_impl<Scalar,false> >
{ enum { Cost = NumTraits<Scalar>::MulCost, PacketAccess = packet_traits<Scalar>::HasMul }; };

template<typename Scalar>
00464 struct scalar_quotient1_impl<Scalar,true> {
  // FIXME default copy constructors seems bugged with std::complex<>
  EIGEN_STRONG_INLINE scalar_quotient1_impl(const scalar_quotient1_impl& other) : m_other(other.m_other) { }
  EIGEN_STRONG_INLINE scalar_quotient1_impl(const Scalar& other) : m_other(other) {}
  EIGEN_STRONG_INLINE Scalar operator() (const Scalar& a) const { return a / m_other; }
  typename add_const_on_value_type<typename NumTraits<Scalar>::Nested>::type m_other;
};
template<typename Scalar>
00472 struct functor_traits<scalar_quotient1_impl<Scalar,true> >
{ enum { Cost = 2 * NumTraits<Scalar>::MulCost, PacketAccess = false }; };

/** \internal
  * \brief Template functor to divide a scalar by a fixed other one
  *
  * This functor is used to implement the quotient of a matrix by
  * a scalar where the scalar type is not necessarily a floating point type.
  *
  * \sa class CwiseUnaryOp, MatrixBase::operator/
  */
template<typename Scalar>
00484 struct scalar_quotient1_op : scalar_quotient1_impl<Scalar, NumTraits<Scalar>::IsInteger > {
  EIGEN_STRONG_INLINE scalar_quotient1_op(const Scalar& other)
    : scalar_quotient1_impl<Scalar, NumTraits<Scalar>::IsInteger >(other) {}
};
template<typename Scalar>
00489 struct functor_traits<scalar_quotient1_op<Scalar> >
: functor_traits<scalar_quotient1_impl<Scalar, NumTraits<Scalar>::IsInteger> >
{};

// nullary functors

template<typename Scalar>
00496 struct scalar_constant_op {
  typedef typename packet_traits<Scalar>::type Packet;
  EIGEN_STRONG_INLINE scalar_constant_op(const scalar_constant_op& other) : m_other(other.m_other) { }
  EIGEN_STRONG_INLINE scalar_constant_op(const Scalar& other) : m_other(other) { }
  template<typename Index>
  EIGEN_STRONG_INLINE const Scalar operator() (Index, Index = 0) const { return m_other; }
  template<typename Index>
  EIGEN_STRONG_INLINE const Packet packetOp(Index, Index = 0) const { return internal::pset1<Packet>(m_other); }
  const Scalar m_other;
};
template<typename Scalar>
00507 struct functor_traits<scalar_constant_op<Scalar> >
// FIXME replace this packet test by a safe one
{ enum { Cost = 1, PacketAccess = packet_traits<Scalar>::Vectorizable, IsRepeatable = true }; };

00511 template<typename Scalar> struct scalar_identity_op {
  EIGEN_EMPTY_STRUCT_CTOR(scalar_identity_op)
  template<typename Index>
  EIGEN_STRONG_INLINE const Scalar operator() (Index row, Index col) const { return row==col ? Scalar(1) : Scalar(0); }
};
template<typename Scalar>
00517 struct functor_traits<scalar_identity_op<Scalar> >
{ enum { Cost = NumTraits<Scalar>::AddCost, PacketAccess = false, IsRepeatable = true }; };

template <typename Scalar, bool RandomAccess> struct linspaced_op_impl;

// linear access for packet ops:
// 1) initialization
//   base = [low, ..., low] + ([step, ..., step] * [-size, ..., 0])
// 2) each step
//   base += [size*step, ..., size*step]
template <typename Scalar>
00528 struct linspaced_op_impl<Scalar,false>
{
  typedef typename packet_traits<Scalar>::type Packet;

  linspaced_op_impl(Scalar low, Scalar step) :
  m_low(low), m_step(step),
  m_packetStep(pset1<Packet>(packet_traits<Scalar>::size*step)),
  m_base(padd(pset1<Packet>(low),pmul(pset1<Packet>(step),plset<Scalar>(-packet_traits<Scalar>::size)))) {}

  template<typename Index>
  EIGEN_STRONG_INLINE const Scalar operator() (Index i) const { return m_low+i*m_step; }
  template<typename Index>
  EIGEN_STRONG_INLINE const Packet packetOp(Index) const { return m_base = padd(m_base,m_packetStep); }

  const Scalar m_low;
  const Scalar m_step;
  const Packet m_packetStep;
  mutable Packet m_base;
};

// random access for packet ops:
// 1) each step
//   [low, ..., low] + ( [step, ..., step] * ( [i, ..., i] + [0, ..., size] ) )
template <typename Scalar>
00552 struct linspaced_op_impl<Scalar,true>
{
  typedef typename packet_traits<Scalar>::type Packet;

  linspaced_op_impl(Scalar low, Scalar step) :
  m_low(low), m_step(step),
  m_lowPacket(pset1<Packet>(m_low)), m_stepPacket(pset1<Packet>(m_step)), m_interPacket(plset<Scalar>(0)) {}

  template<typename Index>
  EIGEN_STRONG_INLINE const Scalar operator() (Index i) const { return m_low+i*m_step; }

  template<typename Index>
  EIGEN_STRONG_INLINE const Packet packetOp(Index i) const
  { return internal::padd(m_lowPacket, pmul(m_stepPacket, padd(pset1<Packet>(i),m_interPacket))); }

  const Scalar m_low;
  const Scalar m_step;
  const Packet m_lowPacket;
  const Packet m_stepPacket;
  const Packet m_interPacket;
};

// ----- Linspace functor ----------------------------------------------------------------

// Forward declaration (we default to random access which does not really give
// us a speed gain when using packet access but it allows to use the functor in
// nested expressions).
template <typename Scalar, bool RandomAccess = true> struct linspaced_op;
00580 template <typename Scalar, bool RandomAccess> struct functor_traits< linspaced_op<Scalar,RandomAccess> >
{ enum { Cost = 1, PacketAccess = packet_traits<Scalar>::HasSetLinear, IsRepeatable = true }; };
00582 template <typename Scalar, bool RandomAccess> struct linspaced_op
{
  typedef typename packet_traits<Scalar>::type Packet;
  linspaced_op(Scalar low, Scalar high, int num_steps) : impl(low, (high-low)/(num_steps-1)) {}

  template<typename Index>
  EIGEN_STRONG_INLINE const Scalar operator() (Index i) const { return impl(i); }

  // We need this function when assigning e.g. a RowVectorXd to a MatrixXd since
  // there row==0 and col is used for the actual iteration.
  template<typename Index>
  EIGEN_STRONG_INLINE const Scalar operator() (Index row, Index col) const 
  {
    eigen_assert(col==0 || row==0);
    return impl(col + row);
  }

  template<typename Index>
  EIGEN_STRONG_INLINE const Packet packetOp(Index i) const { return impl.packetOp(i); }

  // We need this function when assigning e.g. a RowVectorXd to a MatrixXd since
  // there row==0 and col is used for the actual iteration.
  template<typename Index>
  EIGEN_STRONG_INLINE const Packet packetOp(Index row, Index col) const
  {
    eigen_assert(col==0 || row==0);
    return impl(col + row);
  }

  // This proxy object handles the actual required temporaries, the different
  // implementations (random vs. sequential access) as well as the
  // correct piping to size 2/4 packet operations.
  const linspaced_op_impl<Scalar,RandomAccess> impl;
};

// all functors allow linear access, except scalar_identity_op. So we fix here a quick meta
// to indicate whether a functor allows linear access, just always answering 'yes' except for
// scalar_identity_op.
// FIXME move this to functor_traits adding a functor_default
00621 template<typename Functor> struct functor_has_linear_access { enum { ret = 1 }; };
00622 template<typename Scalar> struct functor_has_linear_access<scalar_identity_op<Scalar> > { enum { ret = 0 }; };

// in CwiseBinaryOp, we require the Lhs and Rhs to have the same scalar type, except for multiplication
// where we only require them to have the same _real_ scalar type so one may multiply, say, float by complex<float>.
// FIXME move this to functor_traits adding a functor_default
00627 template<typename Functor> struct functor_allows_mixing_real_and_complex { enum { ret = 0 }; };
00628 template<typename LhsScalar,typename RhsScalar> struct functor_allows_mixing_real_and_complex<scalar_product_op<LhsScalar,RhsScalar> > { enum { ret = 1 }; };
00629 template<typename LhsScalar,typename RhsScalar> struct functor_allows_mixing_real_and_complex<scalar_conj_product_op<LhsScalar,RhsScalar> > { enum { ret = 1 }; };


/** \internal
  * \brief Template functor to add a scalar to a fixed other one
  * \sa class CwiseUnaryOp, Array::operator+
  */
/* If you wonder why doing the pset1() in packetOp() is an optimization check scalar_multiple_op */
template<typename Scalar>
00638 struct scalar_add_op {
  typedef typename packet_traits<Scalar>::type Packet;
  // FIXME default copy constructors seems bugged with std::complex<>
  inline scalar_add_op(const scalar_add_op& other) : m_other(other.m_other) { }
  inline scalar_add_op(const Scalar& other) : m_other(other) { }
  inline Scalar operator() (const Scalar& a) const { return a + m_other; }
  inline const Packet packetOp(const Packet& a) const
  { return internal::padd(a, pset1<Packet>(m_other)); }
  const Scalar m_other;
};
template<typename Scalar>
00649 struct functor_traits<scalar_add_op<Scalar> >
{ enum { Cost = NumTraits<Scalar>::AddCost, PacketAccess = packet_traits<Scalar>::HasAdd }; };

/** \internal
  * \brief Template functor to compute the square root of a scalar
  * \sa class CwiseUnaryOp, Cwise::sqrt()
  */
00656 template<typename Scalar> struct scalar_sqrt_op {
  EIGEN_EMPTY_STRUCT_CTOR(scalar_sqrt_op)
  inline const Scalar operator() (const Scalar& a) const { return sqrt(a); }
  typedef typename packet_traits<Scalar>::type Packet;
  inline Packet packetOp(const Packet& a) const { return internal::psqrt(a); }
};
template<typename Scalar>
00663 struct functor_traits<scalar_sqrt_op<Scalar> >
{ enum {
    Cost = 5 * NumTraits<Scalar>::MulCost,
    PacketAccess = packet_traits<Scalar>::HasSqrt
  };
};

/** \internal
  * \brief Template functor to compute the cosine of a scalar
  * \sa class CwiseUnaryOp, ArrayBase::cos()
  */
00674 template<typename Scalar> struct scalar_cos_op {
  EIGEN_EMPTY_STRUCT_CTOR(scalar_cos_op)
  inline Scalar operator() (const Scalar& a) const { return cos(a); }
  typedef typename packet_traits<Scalar>::type Packet;
  inline Packet packetOp(const Packet& a) const { return internal::pcos(a); }
};
template<typename Scalar>
00681 struct functor_traits<scalar_cos_op<Scalar> >
{
  enum {
    Cost = 5 * NumTraits<Scalar>::MulCost,
    PacketAccess = packet_traits<Scalar>::HasCos
  };
};

/** \internal
  * \brief Template functor to compute the sine of a scalar
  * \sa class CwiseUnaryOp, ArrayBase::sin()
  */
00693 template<typename Scalar> struct scalar_sin_op {
  EIGEN_EMPTY_STRUCT_CTOR(scalar_sin_op)
  inline const Scalar operator() (const Scalar& a) const { return sin(a); }
  typedef typename packet_traits<Scalar>::type Packet;
  inline Packet packetOp(const Packet& a) const { return internal::psin(a); }
};
template<typename Scalar>
00700 struct functor_traits<scalar_sin_op<Scalar> >
{
  enum {
    Cost = 5 * NumTraits<Scalar>::MulCost,
    PacketAccess = packet_traits<Scalar>::HasSin
  };
};


/** \internal
  * \brief Template functor to compute the tan of a scalar
  * \sa class CwiseUnaryOp, ArrayBase::tan()
  */
00713 template<typename Scalar> struct scalar_tan_op {
  EIGEN_EMPTY_STRUCT_CTOR(scalar_tan_op)
  inline const Scalar operator() (const Scalar& a) const { return tan(a); }
  typedef typename packet_traits<Scalar>::type Packet;
  inline Packet packetOp(const Packet& a) const { return internal::ptan(a); }
};
template<typename Scalar>
00720 struct functor_traits<scalar_tan_op<Scalar> >
{
  enum {
    Cost = 5 * NumTraits<Scalar>::MulCost,
    PacketAccess = packet_traits<Scalar>::HasTan
  };
};

/** \internal
  * \brief Template functor to compute the arc cosine of a scalar
  * \sa class CwiseUnaryOp, ArrayBase::acos()
  */
00732 template<typename Scalar> struct scalar_acos_op {
  EIGEN_EMPTY_STRUCT_CTOR(scalar_acos_op)
  inline const Scalar operator() (const Scalar& a) const { return acos(a); }
  typedef typename packet_traits<Scalar>::type Packet;
  inline Packet packetOp(const Packet& a) const { return internal::pacos(a); }
};
template<typename Scalar>
00739 struct functor_traits<scalar_acos_op<Scalar> >
{
  enum {
    Cost = 5 * NumTraits<Scalar>::MulCost,
    PacketAccess = packet_traits<Scalar>::HasACos
  };
};

/** \internal
  * \brief Template functor to compute the arc sine of a scalar
  * \sa class CwiseUnaryOp, ArrayBase::asin()
  */
00751 template<typename Scalar> struct scalar_asin_op {
  EIGEN_EMPTY_STRUCT_CTOR(scalar_asin_op)
  inline const Scalar operator() (const Scalar& a) const { return acos(a); }
  typedef typename packet_traits<Scalar>::type Packet;
  inline Packet packetOp(const Packet& a) const { return internal::pacos(a); }
};
template<typename Scalar>
00758 struct functor_traits<scalar_asin_op<Scalar> >
{
  enum {
    Cost = 5 * NumTraits<Scalar>::MulCost,
    PacketAccess = packet_traits<Scalar>::HasASin
  };
};

/** \internal
  * \brief Template functor to raise a scalar to a power
  * \sa class CwiseUnaryOp, Cwise::pow
  */
template<typename Scalar>
00771 struct scalar_pow_op {
  // FIXME default copy constructors seems bugged with std::complex<>
  inline scalar_pow_op(const scalar_pow_op& other) : m_exponent(other.m_exponent) { }
  inline scalar_pow_op(const Scalar& exponent) : m_exponent(exponent) {}
  inline Scalar operator() (const Scalar& a) const { return internal::pow(a, m_exponent); }
  const Scalar m_exponent;
};
template<typename Scalar>
00779 struct functor_traits<scalar_pow_op<Scalar> >
{ enum { Cost = 5 * NumTraits<Scalar>::MulCost, PacketAccess = false }; };

/** \internal
  * \brief Template functor to compute the inverse of a scalar
  * \sa class CwiseUnaryOp, Cwise::inverse()
  */
template<typename Scalar>
00787 struct scalar_inverse_op {
  EIGEN_EMPTY_STRUCT_CTOR(scalar_inverse_op)
  inline Scalar operator() (const Scalar& a) const { return Scalar(1)/a; }
  template<typename Packet>
  inline const Packet packetOp(const Packet& a) const
  { return internal::pdiv(pset1<Packet>(Scalar(1)),a); }
};
template<typename Scalar>
00795 struct functor_traits<scalar_inverse_op<Scalar> >
{ enum { Cost = NumTraits<Scalar>::MulCost, PacketAccess = packet_traits<Scalar>::HasDiv }; };

/** \internal
  * \brief Template functor to compute the square of a scalar
  * \sa class CwiseUnaryOp, Cwise::square()
  */
template<typename Scalar>
00803 struct scalar_square_op {
  EIGEN_EMPTY_STRUCT_CTOR(scalar_square_op)
  inline Scalar operator() (const Scalar& a) const { return a*a; }
  template<typename Packet>
  inline const Packet packetOp(const Packet& a) const
  { return internal::pmul(a,a); }
};
template<typename Scalar>
00811 struct functor_traits<scalar_square_op<Scalar> >
{ enum { Cost = NumTraits<Scalar>::MulCost, PacketAccess = packet_traits<Scalar>::HasMul }; };

/** \internal
  * \brief Template functor to compute the cube of a scalar
  * \sa class CwiseUnaryOp, Cwise::cube()
  */
template<typename Scalar>
00819 struct scalar_cube_op {
  EIGEN_EMPTY_STRUCT_CTOR(scalar_cube_op)
  inline Scalar operator() (const Scalar& a) const { return a*a*a; }
  template<typename Packet>
  inline const Packet packetOp(const Packet& a) const
  { return internal::pmul(a,pmul(a,a)); }
};
template<typename Scalar>
00827 struct functor_traits<scalar_cube_op<Scalar> >
{ enum { Cost = 2*NumTraits<Scalar>::MulCost, PacketAccess = packet_traits<Scalar>::HasMul }; };

// default functor traits for STL functors:

template<typename T>
00833 struct functor_traits<std::multiplies<T> >
{ enum { Cost = NumTraits<T>::MulCost, PacketAccess = false }; };

template<typename T>
00837 struct functor_traits<std::divides<T> >
{ enum { Cost = NumTraits<T>::MulCost, PacketAccess = false }; };

template<typename T>
00841 struct functor_traits<std::plus<T> >
{ enum { Cost = NumTraits<T>::AddCost, PacketAccess = false }; };

template<typename T>
00845 struct functor_traits<std::minus<T> >
{ enum { Cost = NumTraits<T>::AddCost, PacketAccess = false }; };

template<typename T>
00849 struct functor_traits<std::negate<T> >
{ enum { Cost = NumTraits<T>::AddCost, PacketAccess = false }; };

template<typename T>
00853 struct functor_traits<std::logical_or<T> >
{ enum { Cost = 1, PacketAccess = false }; };

template<typename T>
00857 struct functor_traits<std::logical_and<T> >
{ enum { Cost = 1, PacketAccess = false }; };

template<typename T>
00861 struct functor_traits<std::logical_not<T> >
{ enum { Cost = 1, PacketAccess = false }; };

template<typename T>
00865 struct functor_traits<std::greater<T> >
{ enum { Cost = 1, PacketAccess = false }; };

template<typename T>
00869 struct functor_traits<std::less<T> >
{ enum { Cost = 1, PacketAccess = false }; };

template<typename T>
00873 struct functor_traits<std::greater_equal<T> >
{ enum { Cost = 1, PacketAccess = false }; };

template<typename T>
00877 struct functor_traits<std::less_equal<T> >
{ enum { Cost = 1, PacketAccess = false }; };

template<typename T>
00881 struct functor_traits<std::equal_to<T> >
{ enum { Cost = 1, PacketAccess = false }; };

template<typename T>
00885 struct functor_traits<std::not_equal_to<T> >
{ enum { Cost = 1, PacketAccess = false }; };

template<typename T>
00889 struct functor_traits<std::binder2nd<T> >
{ enum { Cost = functor_traits<T>::Cost, PacketAccess = false }; };

template<typename T>
00893 struct functor_traits<std::binder1st<T> >
{ enum { Cost = functor_traits<T>::Cost, PacketAccess = false }; };

template<typename T>
00897 struct functor_traits<std::unary_negate<T> >
{ enum { Cost = 1 + functor_traits<T>::Cost, PacketAccess = false }; };

template<typename T>
00901 struct functor_traits<std::binary_negate<T> >
{ enum { Cost = 1 + functor_traits<T>::Cost, PacketAccess = false }; };

#ifdef EIGEN_STDEXT_SUPPORT

template<typename T0,typename T1>
struct functor_traits<std::project1st<T0,T1> >
{ enum { Cost = 0, PacketAccess = false }; };

template<typename T0,typename T1>
struct functor_traits<std::project2nd<T0,T1> >
{ enum { Cost = 0, PacketAccess = false }; };

template<typename T0,typename T1>
struct functor_traits<std::select2nd<std::pair<T0,T1> > >
{ enum { Cost = 0, PacketAccess = false }; };

template<typename T0,typename T1>
struct functor_traits<std::select1st<std::pair<T0,T1> > >
{ enum { Cost = 0, PacketAccess = false }; };

template<typename T0,typename T1>
struct functor_traits<std::unary_compose<T0,T1> >
{ enum { Cost = functor_traits<T0>::Cost + functor_traits<T1>::Cost, PacketAccess = false }; };

template<typename T0,typename T1,typename T2>
struct functor_traits<std::binary_compose<T0,T1,T2> >
{ enum { Cost = functor_traits<T0>::Cost + functor_traits<T1>::Cost + functor_traits<T2>::Cost, PacketAccess = false }; };

#endif // EIGEN_STDEXT_SUPPORT

// allow to add new functors and specializations of functor_traits from outside Eigen.
// this macro is really needed because functor_traits must be specialized after it is declared but before it is used...
#ifdef EIGEN_FUNCTORS_PLUGIN
#include EIGEN_FUNCTORS_PLUGIN
#endif

} // end namespace internal

#endif // EIGEN_FUNCTORS_H

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